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Hyperion or the hermit in Greece

Concept, dramaturgy and performance by Dimitra Kreps

Hyperion or the hermit in Greece

Discuss the portrayal and effects of loss in the poetry of Cavafy

My Mother's Sin and Other Stories A series of lectures on Modern Greek literature taught by Dr Dimitra Tzanidaki-Kreps This is a first class essay of one of my students, Jenny Wight, who took my course this year writing beautifully on the effects of loss in Cavafy's poetry.

Discuss the portrayal and effects of loss in the poetry of Cavafy

ἐξ ἐρίων δὴ καὶ κλωστήρων καὶ ἀτράκτων

This essay examines that metaphor in the context of the political and war situation at the time Lysistrata was first performed. It considers traditional gender roles in the fifth-century Greek polis and Lysistrata’s inversion of those roles in her weaving analogy. Aristophanes’ comedic purpose in the weaving speech, in Lysistrata as a whole, and more generally across his corpus is examined. In addition, some observations are made about the sound pattern of Lysistrata’s speech and, in a personal argument, a speculative suggestion is advanced that the audience might have associated her cadences with the familiar rhythms of a domestic weaving loom.

ἐξ ἐρίων δὴ καὶ κλωστήρων καὶ ἀτράκτων

Theatricality, didacticism, prosaic verse, use of persons as symbols, contemplative mood, flashbacks are some of Cavafy’s recurring ‘tropes’. Discuss.

Within the vast poetry collection of Constantine Cavafy, arguably, a pattern of recurring tropes emerges, offering the readers an in depth understanding of what defines his artistry. The poems that I have chosen for this essay being Young Men of Sidon, Alexandrian Kings and Kaisarion, from his book The Collected poems. One might say that they serve as an example of Cavafy’s gravitation towards an array of literary devices such as theatricality, didacticism, prosaic verse, use of persons as symbols, contemplative mood and flashbacks, one might say that they create a narrative that extends beyond the individual poems, inviting us to explore the timeless themes captured by Cavafy.

Theatricality, didacticism, prosaic verse, use of persons as symbols, contemplative mood, flashbacks are some of Cavafy’s recurring ‘tropes’. Discuss.

How does Seferis’ mythical method interact with Greece’s lasting socio-political issues?

Seferis uses the mythical method in his poetry to allude to and comment upon social and political issues in Greece in his lifetime. Before discussing his poetry, it is important to define what is meant by Seferis’ mythical method. This method can be described as allusive, as although Seferis does make direct references to myth he does so in inventive ways, for example by using narrative space, symbols and characters to evoke Greek myths.

How does Seferis’ mythical method interact with Greece’s lasting socio-political issues?

Discuss the portrayal and effects of loss in the poetry of Cavafy

My Mother's Sin and Other Stories A series of lectures on Modern Greek literature taught by Dr Dimitra Tzanidaki-Kreps This is a first class essay of one of my students, Jenny Wight, who took my course this year writing beautifully on the effects of loss in Cavafy's poetry.

Discuss the portrayal and effects of loss in the poetry of Cavafy

«Examine how homoerotic love is expressed in Cavafy’s erotic poetry» By Yousuf Danawi, Reading University

This essay aims to examine the manner in which homoerotic love is expressed in Constantine Peter Cavafy’s erotic poetry.Initially, it will provide a brief introduction entailing contextual information. Subsequently, this essay will bestow an intricate analysis of his erotic poems, with a particular focus on elucidating recurrent themes pertaining tohomoerotic love. The analysis will explore both the formal and thematic constituents of Cavafy’s erotic poetry, accompanied by a pervading extraction of deeper meaning.This examination will be enhanced utilising relevant secondary literature. The primary source that consists of the poems to be discussed in this essay derives from a digital anthology that comprises Cavafy’s ‘Recognised’, ‘Denounced’, and ‘Hidden’ poems

 «Examine how homoerotic love is expressed in Cavafy’s erotic poetry» By Yousuf Danawi, Reading University

In Ritsos’ Moonlight Sonata what sentiments does the woman’s confession provoke/inspire to you and how these compare to the ones felt by the young man who remains silent throughout her long monologue.

Yannis Ritsos' "Moonlight Sonata" is a poignant and emotionally charged poem that presents a deeply intimate monologue of a woman speaking to a silent young man. The setting is night, with the moonlight casting a dreamlike atmosphere over the scene. The woman's confession, filled with personal revelations, memories, and emotions, evokes a variety of sentiments in the reader and provokes a complex response.

In Ritsos’ Moonlight Sonata what sentiments does the woman’s confession provoke/inspire to you and how these compare to the ones felt by the young man who remains silent throughout her long monologue.

The form of Dramatic Monologue as perfected by Ritsos’ poetry.

Yannis Ritsos is widely regarded as one of the most significant figures in contemporary Greek poetry. He managed to revolutionise the idea of a dramatic monologue and create not just beautiful poetry, but also a multifaceted art form that has depth on psychological, social, and philosophical levels throughout all of his publications. The dramatic monologue form was popularised by Victorian poets such as Robert Browning, but Ritsos revitalised it and many poets to this day still use his style as inspiration. His ability to construct identities and characters that the reader can genuinely sense and almost experience is skilful.

The form of Dramatic Monologue as perfected by Ritsos’ poetry.

Poetics and Histories: To What Extent Did C. P. Cavafy Alter Historical Narratives, and for What Artistic Purposes?

stuident Name: Joseph Watson Module Lecturer: Dr Dimitra Tzanidaki-Kreps Date of Submission: 11/01/2016

Poetics and Histories: To What Extent Did C. P. Cavafy Alter Historical Narratives, and for What Artistic Purposes?

La dimension politique des tragédies d’Eschyle

Polyvie Parara, La dimension politique des tragédies d’Eschyle, ADRA- Nancy, De Boccard, Paris, 2010.

(ISBN-13: 978-2-913667-26-0).

Η  Πολιτική Διάσταση των Τραγωδιών του Αισχύλου,  αποτελεί τον 44ο τόμο της σειράς Etudes Anciennes των εκδόσεων  L’Association de la Diffusion De la Recherce  sur l’Antiquité (A.D.R.A.), Diffusion de Boccard , Paris, 2010. Το βιβλίο αυτό, στις 416 σελίδες του, εξετάζει τον πλούτο και  την επινοητικότητα της πολιτικής ορολογίας του Αισχύλου και αναδεικνύει την επιλογή του ποιητή για διακριτούς πολιτικούς όρους ανάλογους με τα ποιοτικά χαρακτηριστικά της άσκησης της εξουσίας. Η ίδια φροντίδα διακριτής ορολογίας ισχύει και για τους πολιτικούς θεσμούς για κάθε πολιτικό περιβάλλον που περιγράφεται σε κάθε τραγωδία. Με βάση τον πλούτο και την οργάνωση του πολιτικού λεξιλογίου, που όμοιά της δεν παρατηρείται  στους άλλους τραγικούς ποιητές, σε συνδυασμό με τις εκδοχές του μύθου και της ιστορίας που ο Αισχύλος επιλέγει κάθε φορά, οδηγούμαστε στο συμπέρασμα ότι τα πολιτικά περιβάλλοντα που περιγράφει ο ποιητής, δεδομένων των συμβάσεων των μύθων,  είναι εναρμονισμένα με την ιστορική και πολιτική παράδοση της κάθε πόλης που περιγράφεται. Στο βιβλίο επίσης εξετάζονται οι πολιτικές ιδέες του ποιητή σε σχέση με το πολιτικό περιβάλλον της Αθήνας όπως αυτό αναδεικνύεται στις τραγωδίες του την περίοδο  472 π.Χ.- 458 π.Χ.

 

Στο πρώτο κεφάλαιο εξετάζεται η οργάνωση των πολιτικών ιδεών στις τραγωδίες του Αισχύλου. Στο δεύτερο κεφάλαιο η πολιτική ορολογία που αναφέρεται στον ηγέτη της πολιτικής κοινότητας. Στο τρίτο η πολιτική ορολογία που αναφέρεται στο θεσμό του Συμβουλίου. Στο τέταρτο η πολιτική ορολογία που αναφέρεται στη Συνέλευση και στο σώμα των πολιτών. Και στο πέπμτο και τελευταίο, εξετάζεται το πολιτικό πλαίσιο των τραγωδιών του Αισχύλου. Η στενή σχέση των τραγωδιών του Αισχύλου με την Ιστορία έχει ιδιαίτερη σημασία τόσο για τη θεωρητική συζήτηση για τη σχέση τραγωδίας, ιστορίας και πολιτικής στην πόλη κράτος της Αθήνας  όσο και  για την ιστορικότητα των πολιτικών περιβαλλόντων που περιγράφονται- Σούσα, Θήβα, Άργος και Αθήνα- όπως τα αντιλαμβανόταν ο ποιητής και το ακροατήριό του.

 

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